UNESCO has a designation for cities that contribute to the literary pantheon in some way. It’s part of a wider Creative Cities Network, which also includes other creative fields like Crafts and Folk Art, Design, Film, Gastronomy, Media Arts, and Music. Started in 2004, the criteria for a city of literature include things like the quality, quantity, and diversity of publishing in a city; the quality and quantity of educational programs that focus on literature; the extent to which literature, drama, and/or poetry play a significant role in the city; whether literary events and festivals are hosted there; the number of libraries, bookstores, and cultural centers; and media’s involvement in promoting literature.
And Quebec City is on the list. Surprisingly, neither London nor Dublin are in the top 7! Check out the link for the cities that made it.